Wednesday, June 6, 2018

What is Schizophrenia ?

Scizophrenia is a serious mental condition. The cause of Schizophrenia is still not very clear. The cause of this Disorder include genetics. It is seen that Schizophrenia runs in families. It is believed that Biology has a part to play in the development of the  disorder. Neurotransmitters dopamine , glutamate and serotonin is associated with the development of the disorder. It is also stated that Viral infections or Immune Disorders may be related to the development of Schizophrenia.

Symptoms of Schizophrenia 

mainly :  

1) Hallucinations - hearing people talking where actually it is not doing so.2)

2) Delusions - Persecution  thatsome trying to harm, trying to poison , someone watching , can steal the thoughts which one is thinking, camera installed in the room to keep a watch etc. Feeling of grandiosity

3) Speech - disorganized

4Behaviour - disorganized

other symptoms include : 
  • Not sleeping properly 
  • Diminished concentration 
  • Bizarre thought 
  • Lack of self care - not taking bath properly, not brushing teeth regularly, not changing clothes etc
  • Loss of interest or motivation to work / neglecting usual  responsibilities- work, school , domestic chores
  • Not wanting to go out of the house / trying to avoid social situations
  • Preoccupation with religion 
  • Flat affect - not responsive to current situation 

  • Social withdrawal - not wanting to interact with families and friends

DSM -V has added the term 'spectrum' to the title.

A Case of  Tim

Tim is an adolescent boy staying in a nuclear family in new York. He lives with his father and mother . She has an elder sister Carla who stays in New Jersey. She studies in a Management School . 
Tim is in standard xi. but lately he is loosing interest to study. Before he scored very high marks in most of the subjects.Her mother notices that he is not going to school regularly. He has some excuse or the other not to go to his school. He does not change his clothes as he should and skips his bath. he prefers to stay alone in his room.. His teacher complained in the last Parent Teacher Meeting that he does not do his homework, submits incomplete classwork and also very unmindful in class. In the last few tests he got poor marks in most of the subjects. He is having problem in falling off to sleep. He is awake all through the night at times.  His mother notices that he is talking to himself when he is in his room.He does not want to reveal to him he talks when asked.  

The onset of  Schizophrenia is around  adolescent time. So if any of your son / daughter is like TIm then you must consult a  Specialist. 

Here we find that :
a) Tim is becoming isolated, 
b) He is loosing interest in studies 
c) He is trying to avoid school and his friends 
d) He has problem in falling off to sleep.
e) Has difficulty in controlling his anger . Getting agitated for no apparent reason.
f) He is talking to himself ( which indicates he is  hearing voices )
g) His self care is deteriorating ( not taking bath properly, not changing clothes as he should)


Consult a specialist if the above symptoms are observed.

Psychotropic medications and Counselling are often used to treat the symptoms of Schizophrenia.

MYTHS about Schizophrenia 

1. Persons suffering from Schizophrenia are harmful or violent.

2. Schizophrenia is cauded by black magic 

3. Persons suffering from Schizophrenia can be cured without taking medicines, but with the help of saints /ayurvedic treatments / local healers .

4. Persons suffering from Schizophrenia should not be allowed to mingle with family / community .

5. Persons with Schizophrenia loses all capacity- becomes a burden .

6. People with Schizophrenia should be considered as non - functional. 

Facts of Schizophrenia 

1. Schizophrenia is a Chronic  mental disorder . More than 20 million people are affected by Schizophrenia worldwide.

2. In most cases Schizophrenia occurs in 15 to 35 years  of age though it may also appear later in late adulthood. 

3. Schizophrenia is treatable.

4. Treatment with medicines and Psychosocial support may help in symptom management. The anti psychotic medications help to weaken hallucinations and delusions ( if present ). 

5. With treatment person affected by Schizophrenia can recover significantly. The  treatment must include medicines and care at Community level with active family and peer, community support. 

6. People with Schizophrenia are more likely to be victims of violence by other members of family or community.

How can treatment help ? 

Earlier the  treatment starts , better is  the outlook ! 


Antipsychotic Medications can help to weaken the hallucinations and delusions ( if any ). The medications also help the affected person to think more clearly , 

Like all other medicines , it may have side effects like  weight gain , constipation , dry mouth , drooling etc. In case of side effectes- the concerned doctor may be contacted. 

Psychological Treatment 

Many people suffering from Schizophrenia benefit from Cognitive Behaviour  Therapy. The therapy help the person to get away with negative thoughts and beliefs.  They can thereby have a better functioning . 
But Cognitive Behaviour  Therapy should be combined with Medicines. Only Cognitive Behaviour Therapy will not help but rather may lead to relapse ! 

Family, Peers  and Community Support

Apart from medicines, Psychological Treatment , family , peer and  Community support is very  important factor so far recovery is concerned. Here role of main Caregiver is important. Family members must shoulder responsibility to help the affected person to recover. they should not stay away or discriminate the person who is affected by Schizophrenia.
They should provide needed support to the person affected with schizophrenia to recover and to cope with the difficulties ! 

Friday, June 26, 2015

10 Signs of Depression  ! 

Depression  is very much associated to our today's life style . Many of us feel hopelessness, meaninglessness , insecurity - but we must be careful that it does not go for a long time. Depression can lead to many emotional or physical problems if it continues for a long time !

Some of the symptoms of Depression are :

1. Depressed Mood or Irritable - If a person feels sad or empty most of the day !

2. Decrease in Interest pr pleasure - If a person had interest in activity but does not show any interest or pleasure in that activity

3. Significant change in weight - If a person looses weight without any reason .

4. Change in appetite - A person may eat less or may feel more hungry than usual .

5. Change in pattern of activity - He may become slwer than he usually is or may be hyperactive.

6. Tiredness - An individual may have tired feeling

7. Concentration - Concentration of a person may go down . He/ she may have difficulty in concentrating.

8. Guilt - prone - An individual may become guilt- prone and start blaming himself/ herself gor the wrong doings which actually may not be true.

9. Worthlessness - An individual may feel that he has nothing to contribute to his family or others and thus have feeling of worthlessness.

10. Suicidal- An individual may have thoughts of suicide or may have suicidal plan .

Not only adults but children and teenagers may also have depression . About 5% of children and Adolescents suffer from depression at any given point of time. The depression in children may manifest it's symptoms in various ways . It may be deterioration in academic performance, change in interest pattern, may  have irritable mood , anger and hostility,  frequent tearfulness and crying,  withdrawing  from social activities and  getting bored very easily, difficulty with relationships. He / she may have problem in focussing or in making any decision and may have suicidal plans.

Depression can be controlled with right intervention at the right time .  If , it disturbs our daily activities for quite some time ( more than 2 weeks)  then we must consult a professional !

Workshop on Social Media Integration of Corporate Communication at GreyMind Communications

by Chawm Ganguly

Training aimed at empowering television journalists to bridge the Traditional- Social Media divide

Conducted a workshop on the Social Media Integration of Corporate Communication where I gave an overview of how the way news is searched, accessed and related to these days and explained ways and means of riding this wave into the future. The audience comprised primarily of the team members of GreyMind Communications – the entity is solely responsible for bringing most of the Football matches that you see live on your screen.
GreyMind is a 10 year old, established, Content Creation cum Media Production House, which is a virtual Prime mover in the field of Sports Production. It has already produced and directed more than 400 Live football matches for 10 Action, ESPN, Zee Sports, Mahuaa Bangla, Star Sports etc and has an enviable library of Exclusive Content. GreyMind is acknowledged as a Concept to Communication, Single Window Plug & Play solution provider with domain-dominating expertise that is spread across platforms – Print, Television and Digital and enjoys total in-house capability along with necessary infrastructure, trained manpower and training facilities. GreyMind enjoys top of mind recall among Sporting Event Organisers, Advertisers, Sponsors and viewers, which makes it a unique player in the world of sports production telecast. As a matter of fact, CFL, IFL, ISL– the GreyMind name is virtually synonymous with football.
(Follow GreyMind on Twitter: @greymind43)

Wednesday, May 22, 2013

Mental Health 

Mental health is as important as physical health . When  we have stomach ache or any other discomfort in our body , we consult professionals to get out of the discomfort . when we have low mood for a considerable period of time , feel irritable , agitated for a long time we hesitate to consult  a professional . we take things for granted till the situations worsens to a great level . When we see our adolescent child's behaviour has considerably changed - the school performance has deteriorated , gets easily irritated over small issues , appetite has become poor , loosing weight , sleeping or dozing in the day time yet we find parents overlook these symptoms ! We do not think of seeking help till  serious problems crop up ! reason behind this is partly our lack of knowledge  about Mental health and partly we hesitate to consult a Mental Health professional  because of the stigma in our society .

Mental Health Warning Signs !
Mental Health problems can be real , painful and severe !
Some of the signs that may point to a possible problem are listed below.
  • poor concentration; can't make decisions
  • Restlessness - inability to sit still or focus attention
  • overreact to things , irritable A persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than would be expected for the individual's stage of development
  • Excessive worry about being harmed, hurting others, or about doing something "bad"
  • Repetitive Rituals like the need to wash, clean things, or perform certain routines dozens of times a day
  • Talking about committing suicide
  • Drastic changes in behavior
  • unexplained changes in your sleeping or eating habits.. too much apetite or poor apetite
  • you avoid friends or family... whereas liked to mix up with friends previously 
  • you are daydreaming a lot and can't get things done
  • very angry most of the time, cry a lot or overreact to things
  • worthless or guilt feeling 
  • anxious or worried a lot more than other  people
  • grief for a long time after a loss or death 
  • extremely fearful-have unexplained fears or more fears than other people
  • constantly concerned about physical problems or appearance... complaints of stomach aches , nausea , dizziness, chest pain or discomfort , feeling of choking 
  • frightened that your mind is controlled or is out of hear voices that cannot be explained... voices giving you instructions .

Recognizing the signs and symptoms of mental health problems can help you and others to get the care they need on the right time . Here are some of the signs are mentioned that may be reason for seeking help from a Mental Health professional. 

Take action - make a difference 

Friday, May 3, 2013

Horizon - a Story

Horizon - a story 

The horizon is the line or that forms the boundary .between earth and sky. The English word “horizon” comes from the Greek word “ horos “ which means “ limit” . The horizon is the limit of one’s vision, beyond which one cannot see.

“Horizon” can also mean the limit of one’s vision of life, one’s outlook on life. “What is the point and purpose of life?”
“why are we born ?”
“What am I doing here ?”” what’s it all about ?

The teacher asked ….
“And what do you see out there?”
“I see horizon.”
“And have you ever walked on the horizon?”
“No, I am too young.”
“Well, someday you will.”
And when I get there what will I find?”
“ when you get there you will discover another horizon- another far beyond.”
“And if I walk again ?”
“And if I walk again?”
“If you walk again you will know that the second horizon is merely a starting place for the third.”

“Will my life then be always losing horizons?”
“ No , of always finding them !”

Wednesday, April 24, 2013

Thought of The Day ... 

"Thousands of candles can be lit from a single candle, and the life of the candle will not be shortened. Happiness never decreases by being shared.”

- Lord Buddha 

Tuesday, April 23, 2013

Foot Prints - a story 

One night a man had a dream. 

He dreamed he was walking along the beach with the Lord. 
Scenes from his life flashed across the sky
and he noticed two sets of footprints in the sand,
one belonging to him and the other to the Lord. 

When the last scene of his life had flashed before him,

he recalled that at the lowest and saddest times of his life

there was only one set of footprints. 

Dismayed, he asked, "Lord, you said that once I decided to follow you,
you'd walk with me all the way.
I don't understand why, when I needed you most,
you would leave me." 

The Lord replied, "My precious child.
I love you and I would never leave you. 
During your times of trial and suffering
when you saw only one set of footprints... 
That was when I carried you." 

Sunday, April 21, 2013

Where have the kids gone? – Chawm Ganguly

Remember, how as kids we used to walk to school, but always ran back home? How it was like a room full of pent up energy, bursting out like sprinters off the starting line at the ring of the bell? How eager we used to get out of the confines of the class room and get to the play field outside? I was thinking, as I stood outside a reputed city school and watched the kids get out.
No explosion of energy here as the kids, their shoulders drooped, ambled out bearing the burden of their school bags – the empty playing ground not even attracting a cursory glance. “What is happening”, I asked my wife, Aditi Ganguly, who happens to be a child psychologist / counselor attached to a leading institution of the city. “These are different days”, she said, “the pressure to excel academically is so intense that children do not have time to hit the grounds like you people did.” Over-zealous parents are instilling in kids the fire to perform and push them just that much more towards achieving goals that we as kids were not even exposed to. That childhoods are being sacrificed on the altar of the parents ambitions being something that is conveniently overlooked. “Some parents are trying to re-live their lives through that of their children, seeking to make the children achieve what they could not in their lives” she continued, “naturally with disastrous consequences, with many a young mind snapping, unable to cope up with the constant demands of the parents.”
Being participants of the same rat race to which they subject their children, such parents seldom have time for the little ones and make up for the lack of togetherness, seek to buy out their children through expensive gifts. “Not wanting to waste the little time they have, they easily give in to the tantrums and shower the kids with toys – increasingly electronic gadgets.” Thereby, sowing the seeds of a much bigger problem.
Kids are becoming extensions of their hand-held’s and laptops, choosing to spend most of their time in the virtual world. They are obsessed, refuse to go out or interact with the real world. Their attention spans are declining and they show all the classic symptoms – being easily irritable, unwilling to make eye contact, unable to hold legible conversations beyond the first few sentences, incapable to striking real life friendships – which are not only taking a heavy toll on them mentally, but are also responsible for the deteriorating physical conditions. “Just look at the way spectacle use have gone up these days” said Aditi “and you will know what I am hinting at.”
“Unrestricted access to the net too has its pitfalls. Increasingly children are accessing content that is not suitable for their age groups and are getting exposed to people and content which is detrimental to their growth and flourishing” she said. Besides, being innocent as they are, they also run the risk of being harmed and abused.
So what is the way out? “There are no shortcuts” says Aditi. “Parents must spend quality time with the children and hand-hold them as they grow. Try and lean them away from over dependence on computers, restrict their access to the virtual world. Encourage them to take up a sport or a hobby and be more active outside as opposed to being struck to the screen.”
And for heaven’s sake, don’t try to force your kids to achieve what you couldn’t  Remember even the rat race has the option that says “I quit”. Learn the simple fact of life –it is more important to run with your child than being in a race with rats!